What are the Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes

Although most people know that there are two forms of diabetes, not everyone is familiar with the differences. In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, blood glucose levels can become too high because the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not use it effectively.

Although both types of problems are basically the same, they are caused and treated differently. The main purpose of the Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes article is to examine the similarities and differences Between these two common diseases.

The main difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is an inherited disease that often occurs in childhood, while type 2 diabetes is usually related to lifestyle and develops over time. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks and kills the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. In the past, many people thought there were only two forms of diabetes: type 1 for children and type 2 for adults. As medical research has progressed, doctors have learned that children can also develop type 2 diabetes and other types of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

To better explain Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes, it is necessary to introduce each of these common diseases individually and then compare them. Insulin-dependent diabetes is another name for type 1 diabetes. It used to be known as juvenile diabetes because it often starts in childhood. It is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s own antibodies attack the pancreas. Due to the damage, the organ can no longer produce insulin.

This type of diabetes can be caused by your genes. It can also occur as a result of problems with the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Damage to the small blood vessels in the eyes (diabetic retinopathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy), and kidneys (diabetic nephropathy) are the main causes of many of the health problems that type 1 diabetes can bring. The risk of heart disease and stroke is also increased in type 1 diabetics.

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

The body’s immune system defends itself against outside invaders, such as dangerous viruses and germs. This immunological response is thought to be the cause of type 1 diabetes. In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly identifies the body’s own healthy cells as foreign invaders.

The pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin are attacked and destroyed by the immune system. After the body loses these beta cells, it is no longer able to produce insulin.

Why the immune system occasionally attacks the body’s own cells is unknown. It may be influenced by environmental and genetic factors, such as contact with viruses. Autoimmune diseases are still being researched. Type 1 diabetes is not triggered by a particular diet or lifestyle.

Treatments for Type 1 Diabetes

  • Check your blood glucose levels. If you have diabetes, it is important to know your blood sugar level and check it regularly. Depending on your doctor’s recommendation, you should check your blood glucose levels four to ten times a day.
  • A small blood glucose meter, called a glucometer, measures blood glucose levels using a disposable test strip and a blood sample. Another option is to use a continuous glucometer, which has a sensor placed under the skin that automatically measures blood glucose every few minutes.
  • Using Insulin You must obtain insulin by other means because your body cannot make it on its own. There are several ways to obtain insulin, including frequent injections or a portable insulin pump that delivers fast-acting insulin in small, regular doses throughout the day through a thin tube.
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet. You don’t have to restrict yourself much, but you should watch your carbohydrate intake and make sure you eat regularly without overeating. 
  • If you’re taking a fixed dose of insulin, it’s important that you keep your carbohydrate intake constant.
  • Get moving. Physical activity is important for overall health, but for type 1 diabetics, it can also help control blood sugar levels and improve the effectiveness of insulin in the body.

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